1.  Introduction
2.  The beginnings; PPP & Remued  1930-1934
3.  Pamela Series 1934
4.  Early Series  1934-1941/42
5.  500 Series  1941/42
6.  Later Series   1941/42-1955
7.  'A' Series (post-1951) and Kerryl (post-1956).

2. The beginnings; PPP & Remued  1930-1934

Premier Pottery Preston was set up by two potters, David Dee and Reg Hawkins, in 1929 during the Great Depression. It  began production in 1930, located in the northern Melbourne suburb of Preston at 52 Oakover Road. Most Australian art pottery at the time was produced as a sideline by firms whose main business was making tiles, pipes, insulators and the like - albeit an important sideline in terms of surviving the hard times of the Depression. Premier Pottery Preston was a small undertaking, unusual in that it produced only art pottery, all of it hand-thrown. David Dee threw the pots, Reg Hawkins painted them, and David's son Walter Dee did the glazing and firing. The young Allan James was taken on as apprentice potter.


52 Oakover Road today
Stamp (slightly smudged)
"Premier Potteries, Oakover Road, Preston"

PPP  1930-1934  Un-numbered, pre-Early Series.

Pottery marked 'PPP' or 'Premier Potteries' was produced from 1930 to 1934. There were many shapes and several styles of decoration, but no numbering system until 1934 when PPP shapes in current production were allocated Early Series numbers along with Remued. However, PPP-marked pieces ceased production soon afterwards and numbered examples are consequently rare today. Their rarity undoubtedly accounts for some of the gaps in Early Series numbering in this catalogue. The great majority of PPP pieces are un-numbered, having been made prior to 1934.

PPP pieces encompassed a range of decorative styles. Most can be classified in one of three main categories;

1.  PPP; Abstract 'colour-patch' decoration

In this style, different colours were applied by brush, sponged or sprayed. The resulting colour patches were often accentuated by black outlining.
Collection;  Michael West  auspottery.com


2.  PPP; Figurative painted decoration

As well as abstract patterns, Reg Hawkins painted pictorial decoration on many pieces. Some show quite elaborately-painted pictures but the best-known are in the style of English Torquay Ware, typically featuring a simple painting of a cottage and a hand-lettered 'motto'.
1934, Capt Cook Cottage, Melbourne
Collection; Stuart Lawson
        [Click to enlarge]

  Nicholnack art in pottery
Motto; "Faint heart never won fair lady".
  Collection;
  Jeremy Zarifopoulos
Motto on other side;
"Have some honey"

3. PPP; Drip-glazing

Drip-glazing relies on the running and merging of coloured glazes for its decorative effect, rather than the application of painted colour prior to glazing. As well as appearing on PPP pieces it was soon to emerge as the characteristic feature of  Remued and Pamela pottery.

Collection; Stuart Lawson
Philips Auctions

Collection; Shepparton  Art Gallery
1978.54

Remued  1933-1934  Un-numbered, pre-Early Series.

The Remued name appears to have been introduced in 1933.  Remued is the surname spelt backwards of Noni Deumer, who invested capital in the pottery and in 1934 married Reg Hawkins.

Un-numbered Remued pieces include shapes that are identical to numbered Early Series examples, but they also include shapes and styles of decoration that are not recorded anywhere in the Early Series. For example, experimentation with glazes and applied decoration saw wares featuring irregular organic tree-trunk shapes and matt glazing (perhaps inspired by Merric Boyd's 'Cruffel Ware'); also wattle blossom; water-lilies; and ivy leaves; not repeated later.

The studio potter Margaret Kerr was associated with Premier from about 1932 and introduced applied gumleaf and gumnut decoration that was to become such a characteristic feature of Remued pottery. David Dee and Allan James, and later John Castle-Harris, also created forms of applied decoration. The distinguishing features of each are discussed by Gregory Hill in the 'Gumnuts and Glazes' exhibition catalogue.


PPP monogram
Collection; Shepparton Art Gallery
Gift of Dr.H.D.Chamberlain
1987.33
Base incised Remued  
Height 12.5 cm
Collection; Shepparton Art Gallery
1987.2
Base incised M.Kerr, Melbourne
Height 22 cm
  Hurnall's Antiques &
  Decorative Arts
Bases incised Remued 1933
Left; height 18.5 cm, shape became number 172.
Right; height 19 cm.



 
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At first pieces were marked with the pottery name or the initials PPP painted or stamped on the base. In 1933 the name 'Remued' was introduced alongside PPP.  'Remued' plus sometimes the words 'Hand Made' were incised by hand in cursive script. At this stage shape numbering had not been introduced although it was soon to follow. There was considerable experimentation and innovation with glazes and applied decoration.

The name 'Pamela' was introduced in 1934. The Pamela Series is discussed separately; click here.

Collection;
Brendan Pitcher
For more un-numbered PPP pieces click here
 
For more very early Remued pieces;  click here  



Youngs Auctions -
The Berry Collection
To the next page;  3.  Pamela Series 1934
Stamped signature; R.Hawkins